Basil is one of the most popular and eaten herbs in the world! There are many varieties of basil, but the most commonly used for cooking in the United States is Sweet Basil. Other popular varieties many Americans have likely eaten are Thai Basil and Lemon Basil.
Basil is sensitive to cold, with best growth in hot, dry conditions. Although basil grows best outdoors, it can be grown indoors in a pot, and like most herbs, will do best on a sun-facing windowsill.