The average American eats 11 pounds of bell peppers in one year; they are the most popular pepper in the U.S.! One average size bell pepper has 31 calories, and up to 169% of the daily vitamin C requirements. Other vitamins and minerals in bell peppers include vitamin K1, vitamin E, vitamin A, folate, and potassium.
Bell peppers are widely grown all over the United States, but California, Florida and Georgia are the largest bell pepper producing states.
Bell and chile peppers are members of the same plant family as tomatoes, eggplant, and potatoes. They grow in many different colors including green, red, yellow, purple, and orange. The heat of a chile pepper—such as ‘Ghost Peppers’ and jalapeños- is measured in Scoville Units, which are based off of the concentration of the chemical capsaicin in them.
Surprisingly, you cannot burn your taste buds from eating too many hot peppers. This is because the capsaicin in spicy peppers triggers the temperature receptors in your brain, not your taste receptors. While your mouth may feel numb for a long period of time after taking a spicy bite, your actual taste buds are not damaged since taste and heat are processed differently in the brain.